Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA)
Asia and the Pacific is the fastest ageing region in the world. The relative share of persons above 60 years of age is rising due to increased life expectancy and decreased fertility. In 2015, the population of older persons accounts for 7.8% of the region’s population, and it is expected to triple by 2050. Population ageing will lead to profound economic and social changes and will require forward-looking policies and sound social protection systems to allow for sustainable development in ageing societies.
Since the adoption of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing by the General Assembly in 2002, the international community has increasingly paid attention to the situation of older persons. There is also a growing recognition of the importance of policies and legal frameworks that safeguard and recognize the fundamental rights of older persons to live dignified, independent and healthy lives. Among the main human rights challenges for older persons are discrimination on the basis of age, at times combined with discrimination on other grounds, violence and abuse, rights in relation to work, social security, health and to an adequate standard of living. Various stakeholders have called for more visibility of older persons and increased use of international human rights standards to address their situation globally.
The MIPAA is the global guiding document on population ageing with 3 priority areas:
- Older persons and development;
- Advancing health and well-being into old age;
- Ensuring enabling and supportive environments.
The key objective of the MIPAA is to promote a developmental approach to population ageing through the mainstreaming of older persons into international and national development plans and policies across all sectors.
Since its adoption by the General Assembly in 2002, the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA) has undergone review and appraisal exercises every 5 years.
A preparatory Regional Expert Forum will be held in Bangkok in June 2017, and the Intergovernmental Meeting on the Third Review will take place in Bangkok from 12 – 14 September 2017.